Church of God
The Wave Sheaf Offering - By Don Roth
THE WAVE SHEAF OFFERING
By Don Roth
There are few of the professing Christian churches that understand the significance of this important offering of the Old Testament, called the Wave Sheaf. This writing will reveal the true importance to the New Testament church; those called of the Father, and will resolve the difficulties and misunderstanding of the first time the Wave Sheaf was carried out.
Those who already understand the true importance of this day may have had some difficulty in totally understanding the significance of Joshua 5:10-12 in the past. This was the first recording of the Wave Sheaf Offering.
These passages do not specifically mention the Wave Sheaf Offering, but the resulting action of that day demands that the event did occur.
Before addressing the difficulties of the above scripture it is necessary to clearly understand the significance of this to the believer. Those raising barley in Israel were required to bring a sheaf of the first ripe grain that they cut to the priest to be waved on behalf of those raising the crop. The primary purpose for this was not to just receive a blessing of the land and its crops for following Gods instruction, but it foreshadowed the one who was to come. (Christ.) It also represented a purity that only the grain in its simplest form could do; thus foreshadowing the purity of Christ.
Hebrews 9:23. Therefore it was necessary that the copies (the earthly tabernacle) of the things in the heavens should be purified with these, (the blood of animals and grain offerings) but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifice (Christ) than these.
One of the main purposes of the book of Hebrews was to show the true relevance of the rituals carried out in the temple by the priests to the actual sacrifice of Christ. One of these was the Wave Sheaf Offering. In addition to the representation of Christ, it was a marker for starting a count of seven weeks to the next event to take place Pentecost. This was also a wave offering, but its symbols were two loaves of bread baked with leaven. (NKJ used throughout, except where noted.)
When to begin the count to Pentecost represents a problem for those who understand the Wave Sheaf Offering. The accepted method was to place the Wave Sheaf Offering on the first day of the week, Sunday, following the Sabbath that fell during the seven days of Unleavened Bread. Wasnt this the day that Christ was presented to the Father? John 20:17. Jesus said to her, Do not cling to Me, for I have not yet ascended to My Father; but go to My brethren and say to them, I am ascending to My Father and your Father, and to My God and your God.
The majority of the time this method resulted in the Wave Sheaf Offering occurring during the Days of Unleavened Bread. The exception occurs when the first weekly Sabbath of the Feast of Unleavened Bread falls on the seventh day of that feast, such as in the creation year. This means that when the fourteenth day (the Passover) of that year was a weekly Sabbath, and the first Day of Unleavened Bread would occur on a Sunday, day one of the week and the last Day of Unleavened Bread is the seventh day, or Sabbath.
If the original formula was followed it would place the Wave Sheaf Offering outside of the Days of Unleavened Bread on the following Sunday. Some have realized that the typology of pure grain, representing the purity of Christs life and death could not be offered outside of the days of Unleavened Bread.
Why? The answer lies in the correct understanding of what these days mean to true believers. The past teaching was that they represent a picture of putting sin out of our lives, in that leaven always represents sin when spoken of in the bible. Putting out sin is a 365 day goal, and not just for these seven days of Unleavened Bread.
God gives instructions about these days in Exodus 12:19. For seven days no leaven shall be found in your house. It is clear that the leaven must be removed before the beginning of these seven days. If leaven represents sin and it does it becomes clear that these seven days represent a sinless period of time. Thus they can only be fulfilled in the example of the sinless life of Christ.
With this knowledge it becomes clear that the rationalization that was taught in the past was made in order to reject Joshua 5 as the Wave Sheaf Offering.
Since the metamorphosis of the Worldwide Church of God into the Synagogue of Satan, and the resulting proliferation of the corporate Churches of God some have proclaimed that the counting of Pentecost for the year 2008 should occur on the Sunday after the Days of Unleavened Bread, and that this would be the true day of the wave sheaf offering. The teaching is that the wave sheaf offering must be on the first day of the week following the first weekly Sabbath that occurs during the days of ULB. This faulty reasoning resulted in Pentecost being observed a week late.
The correct teaching begins the count to Pentecost from the first day of the week - the day that the wave sheaf was offered that occurs during the days of ULB. Of course it would follow a regular Sabbath, in or out of the days of ULB.
Because the Passover of 2008 occurred on the weekly Sabbath, they teach that the count begins on Nisan 22 rather than Nisan 15 the first day of the week during the Days of Unleavened Bread. This is contrary to the examples and directions of the scriptures as we should understand them.
The 1974 change to keeping Pentecost on Sunday has been challenged in a number of ways. One is that those insisting on keeping it on Monday say that Mr. Armstrong had been duped into making this correction by his son Garner Ted Armstrong and the doctrinal committee; that he accepted an incomplete study about the Wave Sheaf Offering without confirming it.
Part of the 1974 change that Mr.
Armstrong made was based on
In addition to the above, the
following rationalizations have been made in order to
They claim that
The additional case is made that Moses
was not allowed to enter the Promised Land because of the restriction God had
placed on him for striking the rock, contrary to Gods instructions.
It is also said that the Israelites were not in the Promised Land until they crossed the Jordan River; therefore, there was no time to raise a crop for the wave sheaf offering. Because the Israelites did not raise their own crops for the wave sheaf offering, they would not be able to utilize the grain of the land which was raised by Gentiles for this rite. This would be considered a polluted offering and not acceptable by God, which is the correct understanding.
In addition, no work could be done to
harvest grain after the wave sheaf offering because
Finally, those proclaiming that the counting of Pentecost should begin from the Sunday after the days of ULB reason that no sacrifice could be made until the Promised Land was completely occupied and a central place of worship established.
But notice scripture says,
you cross over the Jordan and dwell in the land which the Lo
There could be no wave sheaf offering because they had no central place of worship.
The idea that no sacrifice could be
made without the establishment of a centralized place of worship is a
Deuteronomy 23:8 and 12 so direct these sacrifices. Joshua
8:30-31 also shows offerings being made without this centralized place of
worship. Did Joshua fail to understand
Pagan Holidays or
Gods Holy Days Which? was rewritten in 1976
by Herbert W. Armstrong. In it he clearly points to
To understand this statement by Mr. Armstrong, it is necessary to begin in
Joshua 5:2-9 At
that time the Lo
And this is
the reason why Joshua circumcised them: All the people who came out of Egypt who
males, all the men of war, had died in the wilderness
on the way, after they had come out of Egypt. For all the people who came out
had been circumcised, but all the people born in the wilderness, on the way as
they came out of
the children of Israel walked forty years in the wilderness, till all the
people who were
men of war, who came out of Egypt, were consumed, because they did not obey the
voice of the Lo
Joshua circumcised their sons whom
He raised up in their place; for they were uncircumcised, because they had not
been circumcised on the way.
So it was, when
they had finished circumcising all the people that they stayed in their places
in the camp till they were healed.
Then the Lo
THE SECOND CIRCUMCISION EXPLAINED
A question occurs
here: Why werent
the children of
Their refusal to enter the Promised Land was a rejection of God and a breach of the Covenant of Promise. It negated the covenant, which God then set aside for forty years, until all the men of twenty years and older had died. Circumcision could no longer be performed, it being the confirmation of the covenant that God no longer accepted. This is an important fact, and it was the reason why the Passover and Atonement rites were discontinued after the second year.
UNDERSTANDING HOW THESE EVENTS OCCURED
The time line of these two events can be traced through
This rite is also
It would include the Days of Unleavened Bread, making it clear that the Passover followed closely the consecration of the tabernacle, although it is necessary to go to the book of Numbers for confirmation. It also shows that the historical events that take place in the books of Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy do not necessarily follow in a chronological order. It is important to recognize the progression of events leading up to the setting aside of the covenant by God in Numbers14:34.
Chapter 16 of
Leviticus is generally understood as a detailed description of how to observe
the Day of Atonement, but verse 34 makes it very plain that it was literally
carried out by Aaron:
shall be an everlasting statute for you, to make atonement for the children of
Israel, for all their sins, once a year. And he [Aaron] did as the Lo
The time frame for this event would be the tenth day of the
seventh month of the second year. This means the events of
The importance of this act is made abundantly clear by the
near death of Moses in
The foreskin can only be removed once. Therefore, all the
male children below the age of twenty who came out of
important point to remember is that Gods
rejection did not occur until after the Atonement celebration of the second
year. All applicable feasts were thus discontinued until the Israelites were
once again accepted by God. Joshuas
circumcision was that acceptance.
There were only two restrictions that allowed a person to take a second
Being unclean by handling a dead body or having an issue
(such as infection, etc.) (2) Being on a journey. Neither of these applied to
WHEN DID GODS REJECTION OCCUR AND WHEN DID IT END?
By recognizing the time that Atonement occurred in
Leviticus16, we see that
In order to understand the correct time frame, see in
Note the forty-year trek did not directly apply to the men of war, but to the sons being required to shepherd the flock in the wilderness. And your sons shall be shepherds in the wilderness forty years, and bear the brunt of your infidelity, until your carcasses are consumed in the wilderness (Num.14:33).
had passed since Gods
punishment. This meant they had completed thirty-nine years and were starting
the fortieth year. (Thirty-eight years for the men of war to be consumed, plus
the first year in the wilderness makes thirty-nine years complete.) This is
In Deuteronomy, Moses recounts for Israel their history, pointing to the miracles God has done for them, So it was, when all the men of war had finally perished from among the people, that the Lord spoke to me, saying: 18This day you are to cross over at Ar, the boundary of Moab. (Deut.2:16-18).
GOD STARTS MOSES ON A MILITARY CAMPAGIN
God then starts Moses on a military campaign to conquer the Promised Land on the east side of the Jordan. This campaign begins sometime around the middle of the sixth month. It is established through the following scriptures: Now when all of the congregation saw that Aaron was dead, all the house of Israel mourned for Aaron thirty days. Num. 20:29. And Aaron the priest went up into Mt. Hor at the commandment of the Lord, and died there, in the fortieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the first day of the fifth month. Num. 33:38.
Aaron died at the beginning of the fifth month and was mourned thirty days. Thus they began their journey to the Promised Land at the beginning of the sixth month.
Deut. 1:2 shows eleven days were required to arrive at Mt. Horeb. Num. 33:41-49 records that the Israelites had a total of eight campsites during these eleven days. The fourth campsite after leaving Mt. Hor puts them on the border between Moab and the Amorites, placing them at the border of the Promised Land, setting the travel time at about half of the eleven days.
GOD GAVE THIS LAND AS A POSSESSION
God told Moses that He gave the land Amon to the descendants of Lot for a possession. Deut. 2:5 shows God gave Mt. Seir to the descendants of Esau as a possession. Note in verse 31: And the Lord said to me, See, I have begun to give Sihon and his land over to you. Begin to possess it, that you may inherit his land.
God gives the land of the king of Sihon as a possession to Israel. Next it is seen in Deut. 3:1-2, Then we turned and went up the road to Bashan; and Og, king of Bashan, came out against us, he and all his people, to battle at Edrei. And the Lord said to me, Do not fear him, for I have delivered him and all his people and his land into your hand; you shall do to him as you did to Sihon, king of the Amorites, who dwelt at Heshbon. God also gave this land to the Israelites as a possession. As a confirmation, see Deut. 3:12-13.
MOSES IN THE PROMISED LAND
The term possession as used by God denotes that the land was part of the promises He gave to Abraham, meaning that Moses, along with the Israelites, had entered the Promised Land, contrary to the universal belief that he never did. Notice: Then I pleaded with the Lord at this time, saying: Oh Lord God, You have begun to show Your servant Your greatness and Your mighty hand, for what God is there in heaven or on earth who can do anything like Your works and Your mighty deeds? I pray, let me cross over and see the good land beyond the Jordan, those pleasant mountains and Lebanon.
But the Lord was angry with me on your account, and would not listen to me. So the Lord said to me: Enough of that! Speak no more to Me of this matter. Go up to the top of Pisgah, and lift your eyes toward the west, the north, the south, and the east; behold it with your eyes for you shall not cross over this Jordan. Deut. 32:51-52.
The above scripture shows that Moses had pleaded with God to allow him, not only to enter the Promised Land, but also to pass through its entirety. God relented from His original restriction and allowed Moses to enter the Promised Land east of the Jordan, but empathetically refused his appeal to cross the Jordan. Moses, being east of the Jordan, was allowed to see the Promised Land. All the land that he sees, to the north, south, and east is predominantly on the east side of the Jordan; therefore, Moses is standing in the Promised Land when he views it from the top of the mountain.
THE PROMISED LAND ON BOTH SIDES OF THE JORDAN
As further proof, make note of Genesis 13:3 and 14-15. The land that Abraham views is the Promised Land. God tells him to look north, south, east, and west. So when he looks east he is looking at the land on the east side of the Jordan River the same land that Moses took from the two kings. Note: Abraham was fifteen miles from the Jordan River at this time, making it plain that the Promised Land lies on both sides of the Jordan. Gen. 15:18-21 explains, On the same day the Lord made a covenant with Abram, saying; to your descendants I have given this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates the Kenites, the Kenezzites, the Kadmonites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Rephaim, the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.
In the above scripture, God shows that the land to be inherited includes that of ten nations. Two of these nations occupied the land east of the Jordan. As already shown, the land of the Amorite kings Sihon and Og was captured by Moses and declared an inherited land by God. In addition, they would inherit the land of Rephaim. The Rephaims land was also east of the Jordan. Gen.14:5. Their city, Asheroth, is about 20 miles east of the sea of Galilee, proving that once they crossed the Arnon river, they were in the land of Promise as specified as a covenant by God to Abraham.
WHAT TIME OF THE YEAR?
The campaigns against Sihon and Og were quick and decisive. Deut.2:34, 3:6-7 and Numbers 21:25, 35 further explain that they took immediate possession of the land. The following scripture shows that they saw the land at the time they conquered it, and observed that it was desirable for their needs. Now the children of Ruben and the children of Gad had a very great multitude of livestock: and they saw the land of Jazer
and the land of Gilead, that indeed the region was a place for livestock. Therefore, they said, If we have found favor in your sight, let this land be given to your servants as a possession, and do not take us over the Jordan. Num. 32:1,5 There would be no reason for them to wait since they had an immediate need to pasture their animals.
The intervening account in the book of Numbers of Balak and Balaam was not chronological, and would not affect either the time of their request for the land nor Moses decision to grant the request. They are parallel accounts. Chapter 3 of Deuteronomy shows that the land east of the Jordan was granted to them following the defeat of Sihon and Og. The previous scriptures show that the capture of the land east of the Jordan occurred during the latter part of the sixth month of the fortieth year.
In the book The Antiquities of the Jews, Chapter 5, Josephus writes that this battle occurred during the summer. For it was the summer season. This agrees with the biblical timeline as previously described.
WHY THE ISRALITES NEEDED TO PLANT
At this time Israel was basically an agricultural nation with different emphasis on diverse types of crops and animals. Those settling on the east side of the Jordan were primarily raising herds and flocks. These tribes took possession of lands that had already been organized to raise animals. Deut. 2:35 and 3:7 confirm this.
As part of the agreement to occupy the east bank they were to provide a fighting force of 40,000 men as shown in Joshua 4:13; to lead in the battle to conquer the land west of the Jordan. It should be noted that the census of Numbers 26 shows that these combined tribes accounted for 110,000 men over the age of 20. Sixty thousand were left with the families and animals to provide protection, and to do the work required to sustain their livelihood, and support the brethren who were going to claim the land across the Jordan.
When gaining this land these tribes had a definite list of needs to prepare their families for their absence. Remember, they were required to provide 40,000 men of war. Those who remained needed housing, which was ostensibly left by the defeated nations, although some repairs would have been required as a result of the war. Also, stock-pens needed to be built or repaired. However, their most pressing need was that of food grain. Why would this be when they had manna to eat? God had provided manna as a grain substitute for Israel because there was no provision for grain to be grown in the wilderness.
Notice: Now the manna was like coriander seed, and its color like the color of bdellium. The people went about and gathered it, ground it on millstones or beat it in the mortar, cooked it in pans, and made cakes of it; and its taste was like the taste of pastry prepared with oil. Num. 11:7-8
The Israelites knew that this would cease once they had reached the Promised Land so they could provide this basic food item on their own: Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: When you come into the land which I give to you, and reap its harvest, then you shall bring a sheaf of the first-fruits of your harvest to the priest. Lev.23:10
The requirement of planting on their arrival in the new land is implicit. You cannot have a wave sheaf offering, or grain to eat, without planting the grain first. It also speaks to the fact that they would be expected to provide their own grain from their own labors. God was not running a welfare state. Every man is expected to provide for his own sustenance. II Thessalonians 3:10 explains, For even when we were with you, we commanded you this: If anyone will not work, neither shall he eat.
Joshua 5:12 reads, Then the manna ceased on the day after they had eaten the produce of the land; and the children of Israel no longer had manna, but they ate the food of the land of Canaan that year. This scripture tells us that is exactly what happened. They knew this was going to happen and they prepared for it as God commanded in Leviticus 23:9-11, 14. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: When you come into the land which I give to you, and reap its harvest, then you shall bring a sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest to the priest. He shall wave the sheaf before the Lord, to be accepted on your behalf; on the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it .You shall eat neither bread nor parched grain nor fresh grain until the same day that you have brought an offering to your God; it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
By not understanding the requirements and accompanying practices of raising small grains (barley and wheat) would prevent those who are teaching today from realizing the natural way that this would have occurred, thus resulting in a twisted teaching of the events and timetables leading up to Joshua 5. The scriptures cited have shown that the Israelites were in control of the land before the fall planting season. It is imperative to know that barley and wheat are planted in the fall, and barley requires only five months to harvesting. The past custom was to graze these crops in their early stages of growth, which was a perfect fit for the herds and flocks. Lacking this information, one could not see the reality that they would have had an acceptable sheaf of grain to cut and for the priest to wave.
The additional point that no grain could be harvested because this was a Sabbath would not apply because this Sabbath was a high day. Work required to prepare food for a high day is acceptable according to the word of God. Yet, it would have required an unacceptable amount of work to harvest grain for more than two million people in one day. Remember, the manna had not ceased, so they had both manna and grain to eat on the second day of Unleavened Bread once the offering of the wave sheaf had taken place in the morning.
A CHANGE IN DIET
To the Israelites it was an important event. They had had a
forty-year diet of manna and they wanted a change. Less than a year earlier they
endured the plague of fiery serpents because of their complaints of the tiresome
diet of manna.
Despite their desire for change, they waited until the
It is interesting
to look at the gathering of manna. What time of the day was it to be gathered?
In the morning before the sun had warmed the land and melted it. They could only
realize that it had stopped by looking for it in the morning. So the term,
on the day after
In addition, the term on the day after is a combination word in Strongs, #4480 and #4283, clearly meaning the following numbered day, not the next morning.
A complete listing of this term can be found in the New Englishmans Hebrew Concordance of the Old Testament, which always indicates that it is the next day never the morning of the night before. This would make it the same day, a day being sunset to sunset.
RESPONSIBILITY FOR CUTTING THE SHEAF
Too many have been duped into thinking that the priest or his appointees had to go out after the Sabbath, the evening of the first day of the week, and cut the grain to be waved - a tradition that the Jews established. This was not the instruction given by God.
These directions are addressed to the nation in general and specifically to those having control of the harvesting of the fields. Using the pronoun you and your gives each individual the responsibility to bring a sheaf of grain from his own field (a cut handful) for the priest to wave. It had nothing to do with the priest or his appointed ones but it was those responsible for growing and harvesting who brought in the sheaf.
WHAT DID GOD COMMAND?
Due to the distances, sometimes requiring more than a day of travel from their fields
to the location of the tabernacle, it would have been cut sometime prior to being waved. Then it would have been brought to the priest ahead of time for him to wave on the appointed day. There can be no doubt about this clear instruction. The individual had the responsibility to cut and bring the sheaf to the priest.
It should be noted that when the stalk or stem that
supports the head of the grain dries, the cereal stops growing. Unlike today,
the grain was cut before it could be threshed, then bundled, leaving it in the
field to dry. If the grain was left too long before cutting, it would fall to
the ground and be lost.
Notice, He shall wave the sheaf before the Lord, to be accepted on your behalf; on the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it. And you shall offer on that day, when you wave the sheaf, a male lamb of the first year, without blemish, as a burnt offering to the Lord. Its grain offering shall be two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil, an offering made by fire to the Lord, for a sweet aroma; and its drink offering shall be of wine, one-fourth of a hin. You shall eat neither bread nor parched grain nor fresh grain until the same day that you have brought an offering to your God; it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings (Lev. -14).
Remember, these were directions given to all those raising that crop. This was a mini celebration, allowing them to eat of the new crop, or the first crop of their field, upon entering the Promised Land.
The word begin, Strongs #2490, is the hiphil (infinitive) of this verb. The dictionary definition of infinitive is as follows: Infinitive meaning, unlimited or indefinite: applied to a certain mode or form of the verb (by origin a verbal noun and in English commonly preceded by the preposition to) which expresses the general sense of the verb without restriction to person or number.
The English Hebrew Concordance of the Old Testament cites four places where the word is used in the infinitive.
(1) Genesis 11:6, this they begin to do.
(3) I Samuel , when I begin, I will also make an end.
(4) II Chronicles 31:10, Since [the people]begin to bring.
Remember, they needed grain that the Israelites had grown
for this offering as well as the wave offering. The inability to comply with
Christ tells us in
The wave sheaf was cut first; then the grain that was ripe
was harvested in preparation for the wave sheaf offering, just as
It should now be clear that Gods people were in the Land of Promise with adequate time to raise the small grain crop and wave it on the day following a weekly Sabbath. This allowed the sheaf to be waved during the Days of Unleavened Bread. This requirement places an important stamp of approval on it as representing the sinless life of Christ.
The Days of Unleavened Bread do not picture the putting out of sin. That had to be done prior to the first day. These days picture life without sin, and Christ is the only one to fulfill this prerequisite. Therefore, the simplicity and purity of the sheaf was a representation of the sinless Christ. It had to be waved during the days that pictured the purity of a sinless life. No other concept is acceptable!
Placing the wave sheaf offering on an ordinary day, outside of the Days of Unleavened Bread, is subtly saying that Christs life was with sin, negating His sacrifice that was accepted by the Father for us.
The accusation that Mr. Armstrong did not do a sufficient study into this subject, but accepted it on its surface, was in part the thrust of this writing. By looking at the statements below it can be seen that Mr. Armstrong placed a particular emphasis that many have not considered:
On the morrow after the Sabbath, during the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the priest waved the Wave Sheaf, and none could be used until this was done (Letter from THE GOOD NEWS, Herbert Armstrong, 1940)
Jesus, the great Antitypical Lamb, and His resurrection, the Antitypical Wave Sheaf was presented before and accepted of God on the marrow after the WEEKLY Sabbath, during the Days of Unleavened Bread, A.D.31 (Letter from The GOOD NEWS, Herbert Armstrong, 1943.)
This event (the Wave Sheaf)
during the Days of Unleavened Bread. (See
The third is the Feast of Firstfuits, called in the New Testament, Pentecost, because it came fifty days after the cutting of the Wave Sheaf during the Days of Unleavened Bread (Never Before Understood, Herbert Armstrong, 1981).
By examining this declarative statement, what should be seen as the imperative to be carried out? The Sabbath marking the waving of the sheaf should occur during the Days of Unleavened Bread, or that the sheaf is to be waved during the Days of Unleavened Bread?
Some think that the seven days of Unleavened Bread picture putting sin out during these days, when the scriptures clearly show that it was to be removed before the commencement of these days. Notice, For seven days no leaven shall be found in your houses, since whoever eats what is leavened, that same person shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a stranger or a native of the land (Ex.12:19).
This is confirmed in Pauls instructions in I Corinthians 5:7-8, Therefore purge out the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, since you truly are unleavened. For indeed Christ, our Passover was sacrificed for us. Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
The purging occurred prior to these days, so that they are to be kept sinless as Paul points out in these verses. This is the perfect picture of Christ being presented to the Father as a sinless offering during these days.
It should be recognized that Mr. Armstrong was under no pressure to justify the wave sheaf occurring as he stated because of the occasional times when the Passover occurred on the Sabbath, and so he did not. The body of believers accepted his pronouncement. The whole thrust of this article is to show the correctness of that decision. This should not detract from the basic truth that Christ was a sinless offering. Therefore He would have to be offered during the Days of Unleavened Bread, which picture a time devoid of sin. Of all the points, this one should be so fundamental as to wipe away all doubts as to its occurrence.
Mr. Armstrong had a thorough understanding of these biblical events, and made
the change of accepting
Once one gleans the biblical history that led up to
Coupled with the above information, we have the additional understanding that Christs sinless life had to be accepted during the very days that depicted living a sinless life - the Days of Unleavened Bread!
Finally, we see that God has placed His stamp of approval on what Joshua accomplished. As the Lord had commanded Moses his servant, so Moses commanded Joshua, and so Joshua did (Josh.11:15).
Joshua left nothing undone of all that the LORD had commanded Moses!
Added on Dec. 28th, 2009
When one presents a study of a subject, based on information gleaned from past teachings, supported by what appears as a logical progression of events that are described in a series of biblical passages to support a belief, it then becomes imperative to correct that writing when a proof is found that destroys a part, or all of the evidence that was presented. It is incumbent upon me to correct the error of placing the Passover on the weekly Sabbath.
Since the writing of this article I have studied the calculated Hebrew calendar to determine the mathematical proof of it by establishing a calendar constructed in seven day weekly Sabbaths, beginning with creation. Once this was done, and it showed the Passover of Joshua 5 occurred on the sixth day of the week rather than the Sabbath, the correction to this article was made.
Looking at Joshua 5:10-11 in the King James Version it says, And the children of Israel encamped in Gilgal, and kept the Passover on the 14th day of the month at even in the plains of Jericho.
The understanding of this statement puts Thursday evening as the Passover. Verse 11 reads: And they did eat of the old corn of the land on the morrow after the Passover, unleavened cakes, and parched corn in the self-same day. This was a double Sabbath; the first day of unleavened bread, and the seventh day weekly Sabbath. Thus Joshua 5 cannot be used as a biblical example to prove that the first Day of Unleavened Bread fell on a Sunday.